ANKLE PAIN


Overview

Pain about the ankle can come superficially from tendons and ligaments that support the ankle. The most common tendon region near the ankle that is often irritated is the achilles tendon. Internally the joint can be effected by arthritis or injuries to the cartilage as well as bony spurs that can cause pain in the ankle.

Condition

Understanding what is at the source of your ankle pain or condition is the first step in finding a solution that is right for you.

Symptoms & Signs

Ankle pain most often occurs during weight bearing activities. Certain motions and positions can either alleviate or worsen ankle pain.

Treatment

Depending on the cause of your ankle pain specific treatments are available that may include physiotherapy, arch support, kinesio tape and medication.

Ankle Pain
Ankle Joint Pain

The Ankle joint is primarily a hinge joint that helps the foot and leg move effectively through the gait cycle. Diseases such as osteoarthritis can effect the quality and amount of range of motion in the ankle joint. Lack of range can increase pain and decrease function not only at the ankle but also may increase forefoot loading and create compensations in knee motion. Injuries to the articular cartilage or bones reduce ankle functionality and may also produce swelling in the ankle joint thus reducing motion even further.

Ligament Injuries to the Ankle

Ankle sprains vary in degree and the ligament involved reflects the position and motion of the foot at the time of the sprain. The most common sprain is an inversion sprain which effects the outer (lateral) side of the ankle. Less common due to more ligament support and joint stability is a inside (medial) ankle sprain. Usually a trauma causes tearing of a ligament, whether it is a sport injury or workplace fall.

Treatment for ankle sprains include:

  • Ankle bracing
  • Robo-boot for severe sprains
  • Medication recommended by your Physician
  • Rest
  • Physiotherapy
  • Surgery (rarely)
Ligament ankle pain

If you are experiencing ankle pain or discomfort, you should consult your physician for a proper diagnosis and an appropriate treatment plan.

 

Your doctor may refer you to OKAPED to see a Canadian Certified Pedorthist for Pedorthic management of your ankle pain. This may include orthopaedic footwear, shoe selection guidance, orthotics and/or ankle related products such as an ankle brace. If you know your condition and want to learn about new products and treatments please give us a call.

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